Media-assisted Crystalization (MAC)
How does OneFlow® MAC work?
OneFlow media granules attract dissolved calcium, magnesium and bicarbonate ions to the surface of the media where they become supersaturated and converted into harmless microscopic crystals. Once formed, these crystals then move away from the media and flow freely through the plumbing system without causing damaging scale in plumbing fixtures, water heating equipment, and appliances.
“Hard” water contains a high mineral content (primarily calcium and magnesium that naturally occur in groundwater). Over time, hard water can cause scale to build up in pipes and plumbing, increasing your energy costs and shortening the life of your appliances.
Why is scale harmful to plumbing and appliances?
- It reduces the inner diameter of pipes and fittings, ultimately leading to restrictions in flow rate and pressure loss
- It can form on internal moving parts of valves and components, affecting their intended purpose or worse, causing safety failures
- Heating elements can become coated with scale, reducing efficiency and increasing operating costs
- Over time, scale becomes highly insoluble, making it extremely difficult to remove, which can lead to costly remediation efforts
How MAC compares to other scale prevention technologies
Water SoftenersWater softeners remove hardness minerals from water through an ion exchange process. This requires salt, electricity, and a regeneration cycle that periodically flushes water down the drain. Water softener use is restricted in a number of drought affected regions across the US because treatment plants are unable to remove salt, making the reclaimed water unusable for irrigation or recharging aquifers.
OneFlow MAC Water Softener Process Physically binds hardness ions together to prevent them from forming scale Exchanges hardness ions with sodium ions Maintenance Media or cartridge replacement range is from 1 to 3 years depending on the system selected Periodically refill with salt Drainage None required Regeneration waste water with high mineral and salt levels Electricity None required Required Benefits Scale formation prevented
Low life cycle cost
Permitted in locations with restrictions on water softeners
Small installation footprint
No salt, electricity or drainage required
Scale formation prevented
Water feels soft
Soaps foam better
Dishes have less soft mineral deposits
Drawbacks Soft scale may form on external surfaces (easily removed with damp cloth) Purchase, transportation and storage of salt
Requires drain and electricity
Requires bypass plumbing to provide untreated water for plants
Treating hard water can cause high salt levels in drinking water
Municipal treatment plants have difficulty removing added salt from reclaimed water making it unsuitable for irrigation or recharging aquifers
Chemical InhibitorsChemical Scale Inhibitors introduce phosphate-based chemicals to inhibit scale. These systems work better in cold water applications but have a tendency to break down or fail in hot water. Similar to softeners, scale sequestering systems require the constant introduction of a chemical resulting in ongoing monthly costs to end users.
Electric and Magnetic DevicesMagnets, electro-magnets, radio frequency and electrical current systems have failed to pass any scale control standards designed by internationally recognized third party testing agencies. While the manufacturers of these products quote in-house data to support their amazing scale control claims, none of these products have passed international protocol for scale prevention. “Buyer Beware” is the best advice one can take if considering these options.